Cataracts: symptoms and diagnostics
How do you recognize a cataract? How is the lens opacity noticeable? More in this chapter.
The symptoms of cataracts affect vision, which is increasingly impaired. Since in most cases this happens creepingly and painlessly with increasing clouding of the lens, it can take a long time for the disease to be recognized and perceived as such.
The first signs that a cataract develops are visual disturbances. The limitations of vision are noticeable before the lenses visibly cloud.
Unfortunately, this can neither be answered flat rate nor calculated with individual measurements by the ophthalmologist. The rate at which cataracts and their effects on cataracts progress can be very variable and depend, in addition to the causes and accompanying factors, on the location of the cloudiness.
It sounds paradoxical, but sometimes it can actually happen - but unfortunately only temporarily. This phenomenon occurs in a certain form of cataract, the so-called nuclear cataract (nuclear cataract).
To diagnose the cataract, the ophthalmologist examines the anterior segment of the eye with a slit lamp. This is a harmless routine exam that you may already know. You put your chin on a metal hanger and the sitting opposite ophthalmologist illuminated with the slit lamp the inside of the eye, which is enlarged.