Gestational diabetes is usually discovered between 24 and 28 weeks gestation. The reason: In this phase of pregnancy, the body's cells are insensitive to insulin by the release of pregnancy hormones. And insulin is responsible for blood sugar regulation.
Usually this is well compensated by the body. But if there is a corresponding predisposition, then it comes exactly at this time to the appearance of high blood sugar levels.
When a test is particularly important
In this sensitive pregnancy phase, therefore, a test for gestational diabetes is recommended. Generally, a test is recommended if the pregnant woman is over 30 years old. In the case of under 30s a precautionary examination is recommended if the following risk factors exist:
- high blood pressure
- elevated blood sugar levels or increased sugar levels in the urine in previous studies
- Diabetes in first-degree relatives
- previous gestational diabetes
- previous birth of a child with a birth weight over 4 kg
Author: Dr. med. Jörg Zorn
More questions and answers about pregnancy can be found atbeautyandhealthly.info/Eltern_Kind