Cough: basics and causes
The list of possible coughing triggers in the child is long. But most of the time a tiny thing is to blame: a virus. Acute viral upper respiratory infection is by far the most common cause of acute cough. So about a trivial cold, but also a sinusitis, in which it is coughing off effluent secretions (Sekrethusten). Often, the coughs plague the children especially when falling asleep, because then the secretion runs from the nose to the back.
When coughing air is in principle ejected jerkily from the respiratory tract. And by reflexive contraction of the respiratory muscles. This is usually done as a sensible protective measure of the body to clean the airways.
Coughing is very common in children, especially before school age. A frequency of 8 to 12 colds or coughs per year is still considered normal.
Coughing is not the same as coughing. He can come dry or with plenty of expectoration, he can rattle or bark rather and he can hurt or not. The type of cough gives indications of possible causes:
The duration of coughing depends on the cause of the cough. Most commonly, this is an acute upper respiratory tract infection that leads to other concomitant symptoms. With the decay of the cough is then expected after about 1 week.
The cough that occurs during a cold typically has two phases: first, it starts dry or "unproductive," as doctors call it. This irritant cough is usually unpleasant, sometimes painful and can sometimes lead to vomiting in children.
A dry cough is a dry, unproductive cough with little or no sputum. For children (and adults, of course) he can become a real plague.
Dry irritated coughing can easily lead to vomiting in children, as their gastric occlusion is not yet fully developed. As a result, the coughing fits can bring stomach contents up.
If your child coughs up or spits out a rusty-brown or foamy-bloody secretion, that's not always as threatening as it looks. You should go to the pediatrician anyway. In most cases, the source of bleeding is located in the nasopharynx, which encourages hyperthyroidism fortunately only faked.