When does a child learn certain hand and finger skills?

In the development of a child there are norms for everything. For example, a time when something normally happens. This also applies to the movements of the hands and fingers.

But that does not mean that any developmental delay is a medical problem right away. If you notice a significant deviation, you do not have to worry about it right away. Talk to the pediatrician about it in peace. Mostly behind a delay is nothing of concern.

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According to the so-called landmark concept, the following points in time (age) can be marked for the child development of hand motor skills:

age of the child What the child can usually do with hands and fingers (standard variants always possible)
6 months
  • The child can transfer items from one hand to the other.
  • The child tends to reach for objects with their thumbs and forefingers.

9-12 months
  • The child consciously holds objects and explores them with their fingers.
  • The child holds objects in the so-called scissors or tweezer grip, that is, it uses thumb and forefinger to hold it.
15 months
  • The child can place two blocks on each other after showing or requesting.
18 months
  • The child restores an object that it holds on demand, that is, it consciously opens the hand.
  • The child prefers to use the index finger to explore, to feel or to press keys.
2 years
  • The tweezers handle with thumb and forefinger succeeds sovereign.
  • The child holds a paint pen or similar with the first three fingers, so with "half" fist.
3 years
  • The child can leaf through magazines or books individually.
4 years
  • The child can hold a paint pen correctly (with the tips of the first three fingers).
5 years
  • The child can just cut along a painted line with a child's scissors.
  • The child can paint uppercase letters.
  • The child can paint first little things purposefully.
6 years
  • The child holds a paint pen or pen exactly like an adult.

Tireless to the goal

One of the main goals of human development is the ability to achieve goals on their own. And that is already visible towards the end of the first year of life. It's great to see the tremendous energy your baby uses to get up or reach an object. He crawls tirelessly in the direction of this item, even if his parents try to stop him ...

authors:Dr. Hubertus Glaser &Dr. med. Jörg Zorn
Source: H.-J. Laewen: Building blocks of development as the basis of an early warning system for risk situations in day-care centers (special edition 2008, PDF).

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