Whether high cholesterol levels are in need of treatment or not depends on the individual risk factors. And about who you ask. Large parts of the medical profession, especially those who are in closer contact with the pharmaceutical industry, represent the official recommendations that we present below.
An increasing number of critics, however, counter that that the risk of heart attack or stroke was overestimated by high cholesterol (possibly also of commercial interest), so you would set the thresholds for treatment higher.
Otherwise you have no risks for vascular calcification or cardiovascular diseases, is now dispensed by many doctors rather on a drug treatment and the value only controlled.
Ideal: total cholesterol below 200 mg / dl
The situation is different in people with pronounced risk factors (overweight, lack of exercise, hypertension, diabetes, etc.) or people who already have heart disease. There is a fundamental need to keep cholesterol levels as low as possible.
But there are straightening or target values. Thus, a total cholesterol level of less than 200 mg / dL (below 5.2 mmol / L) is desirable. Up to 240 mg / dl (up to 6.2 mmol / l), the cholesterol level is considered borderline. Values above are considered high.
The "good" and the "bad" cholesterol
The risk profile also includes the so-called lipo-proteins. These are the proteins that transport cholesterol in the blood. There are several of these, "good" and "bad". And why good and bad? Because they carry some dangerous cholesterol with them, others more useful. The "good ones" are the high-density lipoproteins (HDL). The "bad" ones are those with low density (low density lipoprotein, LDL).
And these are the guidelines:
- If you have no other risk factors, the LDL cholesterol level may be up to 160 mg / dL (4.1 mmol / L).
- In the presence of risk factors for atherosclerosis, the LDL should be less than 130 mg / dL (3.4 mmol / L).
- In people who already have a vascular disease, an LDL cholesterol level of less than 100 mg / dl (2.6 mmol / l) should be sought.
- HDL cholesterol should generally be above 40 mg / dL (1.0 mmol / L).
In this context, we have another tip for you, if it does not work so well with the healthy diet and the appetite is just too big. We can really recommend a special oneHealth juice, which covers all important vital substances (vitamins, also vitamin D against osteoporosis, minerals, etc.) with one spoon per day, but also minimizes the appetite for the food. The effect is scientifically proven, one bottle is enough for about 50 days.
Author: Dr. med. Jörg Zorn