The arteriosclerosis risk index uses blood lipids to calculate how high the individual risk is to contract vascular calcification. How high is the risk of having a heart attack or stroke? The value can be determined by the cholesterol values or the so-called lipoproteins.
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Measured are the so-called "Low Density Lipoprotein" (LDL) and the "High Density Lipoprotein" (HDL). Ultimately, it's about the ratio of LDL to HDL (LDL: HDL). If the calculated value is less than 2, the risk of atherosclerosis is low. Values above 4 are high risk.
author:Dr. med. Julia Hofmann