Myocarditis is the medical term for heart muscle inflammation. These can have different causes and can be acute or chronic. Only the heart muscle can be affected by the inflammation or even the pericardium (pericardium).
In the development of myocarditis viruses and bacteria, more rarely fungi and parasites play a role, with viruses being most frequently involved. Not infrequently, the disease is preceded by a flu infection or an infection of the gastrointestinal tract with diarrhea and vomiting.
In our latitudes, there are two-thirds of viruses that are responsible for heart muscle inflammation. However, the pathogen spectrum has changed over time.
Yes, it is not uncommon for colds and diarrheal diseases to be the cause of heart muscle inflammation (myocarditis). This danger exists especially if such infections do not completely heal and / or the defenses are greatly reduced.
The term "inflammatory cardiomyopathy" refers to certain inflammatory chronic diseases of the heart muscle. Myocarditis is one of them. Chronic myocarditis is often referred to as inflammatory cardiomyopathy.