What is a high blood pressure? And why does he start suddenly? That's why this chapter is about the basics.
High blood pressure is divided into two forms: Essential primary hypertension can be caused by hereditary factors and risk factors such as obesity, increased blood lipids, lack of exercise, stress and smoking. About 80% of people with hypertension suffer from this form.
When measuring blood pressure, two values are relevant. The first, higher reading indicates the pressure of the blood in the arterial vasculature that prevails when the heart has ejected the blood (systole). The second value is the pressure prevailing in the vascular system when the heart muscle is relaxed (diastole).
Why was a blood pressure of 100 plus the age considered to be the upper value than normal, whereas today it is much lower values?
It is known today that the upper blood pressure values previously set with the formula 100 plus age are much too high, especially for the elderly, and damage vessels and organ systems such as the heart.
Yes, blood pressure typically fluctuates in the 24-hour day, even if you do not do anything special. During the day, the values are generally higher than at night. However, this depends on the daily activities and burdens.
Yes, that can happen. At high heat, the vessels dilate, so that the blood pressure can drop. Depending on the level of blood pressure drop, it can also cause discomfort such as dizziness, fatigue and weakness.
Within certain limits, permanently elevated blood pressure levels may decline again even without medical therapy - but not on their own. This requires consistent changes in lifestyle habits.
In Germany, there is an increase in overweight already in children and adolescents, so it is also likely that the incidence of hypertension will increase.
No, low blood pressure values below 105 and 65 mmHg may also have morbid causes or adverse health effects.
Yes, according to the study "Health in Germany" from the year 2009, the incidence of illness among women from eastern federal states is above the national average.
My 10 very personal tips
Too high blood pressure does not hurt. Otherwise he hardly causes any complaints. That may sound reassuring, but that's also a problem.
Blood pressure has the upper (systolic) value and the lower (diastolic) value. There are people in whom only the upper, systolic value is elevated, the other is not. This is called isolated systolic hypertension.