What does pulmonary hypertension mean? And why are there rules of their own again? That's what this chapter is about.
If the pressure in the pulmonary circulation is too high, there is not always a cause. In medical jargon one then speaks of idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension ("idiopathic" means in medical German, that one does not know where it comes from).
Depending on the severity of pulmonary hypertension, various symptoms may exist. These include shortness of breath, limited capacity, tiredness, dizziness, chest pain and circulatory disorders.
The chronic pulmonary hypertension (chronic pulmonary hypertension) after a pulmonary embolism comes about through long-term clogged pulmonary arteries. This is the case when the body's own mechanisms are not sufficient to break down the blood clot (the embolus).
No, unfortunately, the symptoms of pulmonary hypertension (pulmonary hypertension) are not so characteristic that you always recognize the disease at first glance. Example breathing difficulty under stress: There can be a great deal behind, including high blood pressure in the pulmonary vessels.
If there is a suspicion of pulmonary hypertension, primarily lung examinations are necessary. But also the heart and various laboratory values have to be scrutinized.
The treatment of pulmonary hypertension is dependent on the cause of the disease. If the increased pressure in the pulmonary vessels is due to a pulmonary embolism, the thrombus (the clogging blood clot) must be removed by medication or surgery.