Causes & Prevention
Why do you get hypertension? And how can this be prevented? That's why this chapter is about the causes.
In most cases, the development of hypertension is not based on a single cause, but several risk factors play a role. In addition to a hereditary component are fat metabolism disorders, obesity, smoking, improper eating habits and alcohol consumption causally involved.
The development of high blood pressure usually depends on several factors. Among them, a hereditary component also seems to play a role. For example, children with high blood pressure parents are at an increased risk of later developing high blood pressure themselves.
Yes, obesity is one of the influenceable risk factors for the development of hypertension. As the weight increases, so does the risk of elevated blood pressure.
Trendy yes. By reducing obesity, you can at least greatly reduce your individual's risk for high blood pressure.
People who are permanently under pressure, either professionally or privately, have activation of their sympathetic nervous system. The sympathetic nervous system also regulates stress hormones such as adrenaline or cortisol. This means that the body is in constant alert and ready to perform at its peak. This is unhealthy in the long run.
This is due to the hormonal changes that are heralded by the menopause. Women produce significantly fewer female sex hormones, the estrogens, after menopause.
If stress can be identified as the cause of high blood pressure, it is important to determine when stressful situations occur and whether they can be influenced.
If it is not possible to influence chronic stress externally, you should nevertheless provide physical and mental relaxation if this is possible. Sport, relaxation techniques and even time for rest and relaxation counteract the daily stress.
There is an indirect correlation between elevated blood lipid levels (cholesterol, triglycerides) and hypertension. You have to think a little bit around the corner:
If the overweight risk factor is eliminated and it does not affect blood pressure positively, other factors may play a role. It could be caused by hereditary components, lipid metabolism disorders and stress.
Yes, that is possible, because the female sex hormones influence the blood pressure.
Yes, an overactive thyroid gland with increased thyroid hormone production can lead to hypertension.
The thyroid gland forms important hormones that affect the body's metabolism and also blood pressure.
Especially with an over-, but also under-function of the thyroid, the blood pressure can be increased.
In fact, men are more likely to suffer from high blood pressure than women. In the 18- to 79-year-old age group, 44% of women are affected by hypertension and 51% of men.
Yes, even after years of contraception with the birth control pill, hypertension can occur. This means in most cases that the intake of the "pill" should be stopped.
Yes, body weight is related to the risk of developing high blood pressure. For while "only" a good quarter of normal-weight people develop hypertension, the excess obesity rate rises to more than 60%. In obesity, the incidence increases to 75%.