The amino acid glutamine plays a significant role in the immune system. The reason: She is instrumental in the production of immune cells. And also to their energy supply.
Glutamine: building material and fuel
Explanation: Immune molecules, defense cells and lymphatic organs consist predominantly of protein. They therefore require amino acids as building blocks.
And very quickly, if it is about to fend off an acute viral infection in which the pathogens multiply within billions of times.
A pool of free amino acids is in the blood, glutamine makes up the largest share of it with 20%. The most important amino acid occurrence in the body but found in the muscles. There, in times of disease defense, the glutamine degradation is increased by 5 to 10 times. This is necessary because glutamine does not only serve as a building material, but also as a fuel. Immune cells do not use sugar to produce energy like other cells, but burn glutamine.
The body's own feeding and killer cells need glutamine
In the absence of glutamine decreases the activity of the body's own feeding and killer cells. The invading microbes can then no longer be combated so effectively and possibly force the immune system to its knees.
Somewhat confusing is that glutamine is called a non-essential amino acid. That does not mean that the substance would be dispensable. But that it can be made in the body from other amino acids and not necessarily fed with food. Unless you prefer to play it safe. An expert's tip recommends two tablespoons of glutamine powder daily. One morning, one in the evening.
Author: Dr. Hubertus Glaser